Hydrogen ("gray", "blue", "green") and equipment for its production in Russia and the world: Production, Market and Forecast (4 edition)
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This report is the fourth edition of a study of the global and Russian market for hydrogen (“gray”, “blue”, “green”, etc.) and equipment for its production.
The purpose of the study is to analyze the world and Russian markets for hydrogen and equipment for its production.
The object of research is hydrogen ("gray", "blue", "green", etc.), equipment for its production.
This work is a desk study. The sources of information were the data of Rosstat, customs statistics of the Russian Federation, railway transportations of the Russian Federation, foreign trade operations of the UN UNdate, the database of InfoMine LLC, as well as materials of the industry and regional press, annual and quarterly reports of securities issuers, websites of manufacturers and consumers of hydrogen.
The peculiarities of the research are: the division of the research object into types ("gray", "blue", "green" and other hydrogen), as well as a detailed consideration of the existing concepts for the development of "hydrogen" energy in different countries.
Chronological scope of the study: 2004-2020; forecast - 2021-2030
Geography of research: the world - a brief overview, the Russian Federation - a comprehensive detailed analysis of the market and the concept of development.
The report consists of 3 main parts, contains 153 pages, including 27 figures, 50 tables and 5 appendices.
The first chapter of the report is devoted to hydrogen production technology. It discusses the methods of hydrogen production ("gray", "blue", "green", etc.).
In the second chapter, the world market of hydrogen (“gray”, “blue”, “green”, etc.) is investigated. In particular, a brief description of the current state of the market (dynamics and structure of production and consumption) is presented, as well as an analysis of the prospects for using hydrogen in new consumption sectors, including within the framework of national strategies for the development of hydrogen energy.
The third chapter is devoted to the description and characteristics of the Russian market. In particular, the requirements for the quality of the products are presented, the production of hydrogen in Russia in 2004-2020 is reflected. A characteristic is given of those few enterprises that produce commercial hydrogen for the purpose of supplying it to the domestic market, and specialized gas companies involved in the sale of hydrogen are studied.
In addition, the chapter discusses the structure of hydrogen prices: the cost of production, transportation, storage. The prices of hydrogen suppliers in 2017-2020 are given.
Several subsections of the chapter are devoted to the study of the consumption, transportation and storage of hydrogen. The volume and structure of consumption, brief characteristics of the current state of the main consuming industries. Methods of storage and transportation of hydrogen, as well as geography and volumes of supplies are considered in detail.
There is practically no foreign trade in hydrogen, because there is no network of hydrogen pipelines. There are only small supplies of bottled gas that do not have a noticeable impact on the domestic market. Therefore, the section devoted to the export-import of hydrogen is absent in this work.
In one of the subsections of the chapter, the Russian concept of the development of "hydrogen" energy is described in detail, as well as a forecast for the production and consumption of hydrogen in Russia until 2030.
The appendices provide data on the features of the "hydrogen" Strategies of the largest economies of the world, as well as hydrotreating and hydrocracking units at Russian refineries, contact information of the main Russian enterprises producing and supplying commercial hydrogen to the domestic market is given.
Target audience of the study:
- hydrogen market participants - producers, consumers, traders;
- potential investors.
The proposed study claims to be a reference manual for marketing services and management decision-makers working in the hydrogen market.
I. Methods for the production of hydrogen
II. Brief description of the global hydrogen market
II.1. Analysis of the current state of the market, traditional directions of using hydrogen
II.2. Analysis of the prospects for the use of hydrogen in new consumption sectors
II.3. Drivers of growth in hydrogen consumption in the world
II.4. Forecast of the development of the world hydrogen economy for the period up to 2050
III. Russian hydrogen market
III.1. The quality of the products
III.2. Hydrogen production
III.2.1. Dynamics and structure of production in 2004-2020
III.2.2. Main manufacturers and suppliers of commercial hydrogen in the Russian market
III.3. Hydrogen price structure
III.3.1. Hydrogen production cost
III.3.2. Hydrogen supplier prices
III.3.3. Transportation and storage costs
III.4. Hydrogen consumption
III.4.1. Volumes and structure of consumption in 2004-2020
III.4.2. Characteristics of the main consuming industries
Electronics and electrical engineering
III.5. Transportation of hydrogen within Russia
III.5.1. Transportation methods
III.5.2. Geography and volumes of supplies of commercial hydrogen
III.6. Hydrogen storage
III.7. Equipment for the production and compression of hydrogen
III.7.2. Plants for the production of hydrogen by the conversion of natural gas
III.7.3. Installations for the extraction of hydrogen from process streams
III.7.5. Overseas equipment suppliers
III.8. Hydrogen production and consumption forecast
III.8.1. The concept of development of hydrogen energy in the Russian Federation
III.8.2. Forecast of production and consumption of hydrogen in Russia (outside the development of "hydrogen energy") for the period up to 2030
Appendix 1. Address book of the largest Russian hydrogen producers
Appendix 2. Address Book of the Largest Russian Hydrogen Suppliers
Appendix 3. Long-term programs of the largest countries and regions of the world for the development of hydrogen energy
Appendix 4. Reforming units at oil refineries in Russia
Appendix 5. Hydrocracking units at oil refineries in Russia
Table 1: Selective Properties of Normal Hydrogen and Parahydrogen Relevant to Its Safety
Table 2: Hydrogen content in the main industrial sources of waste hydrogen-containing gases,%
Table 3: Types of hydrogen depending on the method of production and used raw materials
Table 4: National Targets for the Promotion of Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicles (thousand units) and refueling (units)
Table 5: Drivers of the global "energy transition"
Table 6: Forecast of world hydrogen consumption by segments, million tons
Table 7: Norm for technical gaseous hydrogen (according to GOST 3022-80)
Table 8: Norm for pure gaseous hydrogen (according to GOST R 51673-2000)
Table 9: Quality indicators of ultrapure hydrogen (ultrapure hydrogen) according to TU 2118-06-18136415-05
Table 10: Quality indicators of hydrogen of technical high purity (TFC) according to TU 2118-05-18136415-05
Table 11: Hydrogen production by industry in 2010-2020, thousand tons
Table 12: The largest Russian producers of commercial hydrogen
Table 13: Hydrogen production by Air Liquide LLC enterprises in 2014-2020, thousand m3, t
Table 14: Some performance indicators of SKTBE JSC in 2009-2018
Table 15: Advantages and Disadvantages of Basic Methods for Hydrogen Production
Table 16: Cost of 1 ton of commercial hydrogen for large-scale production by various methods, $
Table 17: Hydrogen prices of the largest suppliers
Table 18: Specific cost of pipeline transportation of gaseous hydrogen at a pressure of 7 MPa
Table 19: Cost of hydrogen storage cylinders
Table 20: Production of ammonia and hydrogen in Russia in 2014-2020, thousand tons
Table 21: Production of methanol and hydrogen in Russia in 2014-2020, thousand tons
Table 22: Production of butyl alcohols and hydrogen in Russia in 2014-2020, thousand tons
Table 23: Production of electrolytic caustic soda and hydrogen in Russia in 2014-2020, thousand tons
Table 24: Hydrogen balance at shallow oil refining, thousand tons per year of 100% hydrogen
Table 25: Change in oil refining capacities in 2005-2021 in Russia, million tons,%
Table 26: Russian Refineries with Additional Hydrogen Production Units
Table 27: Conditions for heat treatment of cold-rolled steel at metallurgical enterprises of the Russian Federation
Table 28: Volumes of production of cold-rolled steel and hydrogen consumption in Russia in 2007-2020, thousand tons
Table 29: Technical characteristics of rail and road tankers for the transport of liquid hydrogen
Table 30: The largest Russian suppliers of hydrogen in cylinders
Table 31: Volumes of hydrogen transportation in cylinders by railway transport in 2003-2020, pcs.
Table 32: Comparative characteristics of electrolytic cells for hydrogen production
Table 33: Technical characteristics of industrial electrolysers SEU JSC "Uralkhimmash"
Table 34: Technical characteristics of industrial electrolysers BEU and FV JSC "Uralkhimmash"
Table 35: Main technical characteristics of the FS-10.25 electrolysis unit produced by IFTI
Table 36: Recipient enterprises of the FS series units manufactured by IFTI LLC
Table 37: Brief technical characteristics of the "ELDIS-130" hydrogen generator
Table 38: Technical characteristics of the UVR-250 natural gas conversion unit (NPP "Mashprom")
Table 39: Technical characteristics of membrane hydrogen plants LLC "Grasys"
Table 40: Technical characteristics of adsorption hydrogen plants LLC "Grasys"
Table 41: Technical characteristics of reciprocating compressors type 6GSh
Table 42: Technical characteristics of the piston compressor 2GM4-9.6 / 161
Table 43: Technical data for CompAir reciprocating compressors
Table 44: The largest suppliers of industrial electrolysers to the Russian market in 2007-2020, units
Table 45: Specifications for Norsk Hydro Electrolysers Atmospheric Electrolyzer
Table 46: Targets for Russian hydrogen exports for the period up to 2050, million tons, $ billion
Table 47: Measures and terms of implementation of the plan "Development of hydrogen energy in the Russian Federation until 2024"
Table 48: Strategic initiatives and key measures for the development of hydrogen energy in the Russian Federation
Table 49: Main Russian R&D Organizations Involved in Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cells
Table 50: Stages of development of "hydrogen energy" in Russia
Figure 1: Dynamics of world production / consumption of hydrogen (pure and in mixtures) in 1990-2020, million tons
Figure 2: Structure of world hydrogen production by production method,%
Figure 3: Structure of world hydrogen consumption (including gas mixtures) by industry,%
Figure 4: Sectoral structure of world hydrogen consumption (excluding gas mixtures),%
Figure 5: Regional structure of world hydrogen consumption,%
Figure 6: Trends in global CO2 emissions and reduction target by 2030, billion tonnes
Figure 7: Change in the sectoral structure of hydrogen consumption by 2050, million tons
Figure 8: World Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Fleet 2017-2018 and forecast for 2030, thousand units
Figure 9: Dynamics of hydrogen production in Russia in 2004-2020, million tons
Figure 10: Dynamics of Russian hydrogen production by the largest producing industries in 2004-2020, thousand tons
Figure 11: Change in the structure of hydrogen production in the Russian Federation in 2004-2020,%
Figure 12: Dynamics of hydrogen production at Redkinsky Experimental Plant JSC in 2009-2020, thousand m3
Figure 13: Balance of production and consumption of hydrogen in Russia in 2004-2020, thousand tons
Figure 14: Structure of hydrogen consumption in 2010, 2017 and 2020,%
Figure 15: Dynamics of hydrogen consumption by Russian chemical enterprises in 2004-2020, thousand tons
Figure 16: Hydrogen Consumption in Oil Refining
Figure 17: Dynamics of hydrogen consumption in oil refining in Russia in 2004-2020, thousand tons
Figure 18: Consumption of hydrogen in metallurgy
Figure 19: Production of metallized raw materials (million tonnes) and hydrogen consumption in Russia (thousand tonnes) in 2004-2020
Figure 20: Major Russian manufacturers of flat glass
Figure 21: Autorecipient for the transport of hydrogen in a compressed state
Figure 22: Electrolyzers for hydrogen production, manufactured by JSC "Uralkhimmash"
Figure 23: Installation UVR-250, developed by JSC NPP "Mashprom"
Figure 24: Piston compressor type 6GSH
Figure 25: Reciprocating compressor type 2GM
Figure 26: Regions of introduction of hydrogen technologies on railway transport in the Russian Federation
Figure 27: Forecast of hydrogen production in Russia for the period up to 2030, million tons